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The origin of the Great Northern Wilderness
"The Great Northern Wilderness" is the earliest seen in one of the oldest geography books in our country, "Shan Hai Jing", "the Great Northern Wilderness, there are mountains that do not Xian Shan, there is the country of the country" refers to today Changbai Mountain north of the broad Area, after the general refers to the great wilderness of our country. After the scope of gradually clear for the Songnen Plain in Heilongjiang Province and Sanjiang Plain area thousands of miles of wilderness. History of the development of today's narrow sense of the Great Northern Wilderness refers to the current Heilongjiang reclamation area.
The Great Northern Wilderness is one of the world's three major black soils, known as the "Earth Man" chest of a black gem.
Has a wealth of water resources, mineral resources, wild plant resources.
To create the early development of 1947-1955 military cadres into the vast wilderness tribal youth
Construction and development period 1956-1966 100,000 transformation of officers and men to reach the Great Northern Wilderness
Twists and turns development period 1967-1978 educated youth to the countryside of Heilongjiang state-owned farms set up
During the period of reform and opening up, 1979-2000 set up more than 200,000 family farms
Modern agricultural development period 2001-2005 comprehensive production capacity reached 33 billion jin
Reclamation by leaps and bounds
Modernized Agriculture Development Period 2010 ...
Create early development (1947-1955)
On December 28, 1945, Chairman Mao drafted a historical document "Building a Consolidated Northeast Base Area" for the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. It was required that the fighting and work must be carried out in production.
In 1947, the Republic of the birth of the most difficult and difficult times, according to Chairman Mao's request from a group of troops from Yan'an to the northeast of the army into the vast wilderness, June 13 to promote the development of the first plow. In the fire of the war of fire, they eat the wind, the wind and snow, sowing the first drought of the Great Northern Wilderness of the fire, and strive to land reclamation production, more food support in front of combat.
Yang Qinghai Bei'an Huang shop "garden farm", more than 100 small farms. Black province military supply minister Zhang Zhuo organization more than 40 soldiers, recruit drivers 3, to collect the Japanese machine to establish the first military farm, sprout Normal school students half a gall for the founder of the sprout farm.
(From the western plains of Hebei Province to the northeast of the original Heilongjiang Provincial Committee of the Department of Transportation to the head of Yang Qinghai is the response to call the farm leader)
A single spark can start a prairie fire
1947 - 1949 Songjiang provincial camp was established the first farm, a group of public machinery farm, in the war has been born. Tongbei, Zhao Guang, Xinghu, Ning An, this is not a simple field name, but a face of the red flag in the wilderness of Guangwu rising, hunting flying.
Rongjun farm: Hao Guangzhong selected 28 Rongjun building farms.
In January 1954, the construction of the second division of the rural construction division in September into the dense mountain blocked, Zhou Enlai agreed to the north, 290, 291, 289 (iron force) 23 martyrs.
China's Great Northern Wilderness first generation tractor hand
(With the rise of the establishment of the farm, large-scale agricultural machinery on the farm's large-scale cultivation is particularly important)
In 1947 the Great Northern Wilderness first started three tractor hand training classes, training 277 students, the national labor model Gengde, Liang Jun, Wang Shicheng. (Geng Tak tractor squadron "heroes" "knife class").
Liang Jun, 17-year-old tractor, with apprentice room and board 30 years of land reclamation point, work 16 hours. June 3, 1950 China's first women's tractor fleet was set up to lead 11 female members to challenge the Great Northern Wilderness.
Liu Ying, 14 years, Beijing three, "Lark Girl", China's first generation of female Kang thanks to the hand, to create a national harvest record. (Wasteland 120 acres, 375 acres of harvest flights, the Central Committee awarded the "Paul Ke Qiao Jin commando" glorious title)
In 1955, China's economy flourished and grain demand increased. Chairman Mao put forward that "the countryside is a vast world, where it can make a great deal". The glorious revolutionary tradition of Beijing Zhiqing fall first response to the Central Committee called the establishment of the first youth volunteer reclamation team. Determined to develop the Great Northern Wilderness, and proposed a proposal, "to the border to go to the most needed places to the motherland."
August 12, 1955, when the Central Committee Secretary Hu Yao helped at home to meet the Shijingshan District West Huangcun Township Secretary and Youth League secretary Yang Hua and other five people, the reclamation team plan for a careful study.
August 16, "China Youth Daily" published in the prominent position of Yang Hua and other five launched the Beijing reclamation team proposal, the capital boiling, the application, telephone, telegraph, 10 days more than 2,000 people apply. Donated more than 70,000 yuan. Workers use spare time to pick up scrap iron and steel night lights, for the reclamation team to make picks, shovels, Beijing Agricultural Machinery Factory Youth support five two-wheeled double plow, and support horses.
On August 30, the Central Committee held a grand farewell first youth reclamation team. The first batch of 60 people after 3 days and 3 nights of the train bumps on September 4 to the new home - Luoni Fengxiang town south of 10 km of land reclamation point. Land area of 1,500 square kilometers, the population of less than 8,000 people. 60 miles is a neighbor. That night, they are in the birch forest support Hegang miners donated a large cotton tent, home.
September 10 reclamation team held a land reclamation ceremony. Become a real shortage of recruits.
The test of life for these young people is harsh. Eat all the boiled beans and Wo Wo, sorghum rice, big child. No well, drink the bubble water. Mosquitoes, small bite, blindfoot "three shifts" all exposed to the clothes outside the flesh are bitten swollen. Winter tents can not stop the snow, -40 degrees, wake up, eyebrows and beard all cream. Face, hand frostbite, toe a frozen. Winding up the mountain is hard, "Wowou head with a shaver, cotton shoes trousers with stick knock, lice bug with fire." A portrayal of life.
One day, sleep is fragrant, the distance came the wolf howling sound. Getting closer and closer, constantly clenched tents with claws, the players woke up, a player hit two guns to quell the wolf, but the wolves but did not retreat, we had to sit around, keep the dawn.
The team has an optimistic and cheerful young man called Ma, his first day to get up, standing outside the tent outside the chicken called, funny one by one from the bed. Unfortunately, one day in the wild horse grass, unfortunately, was thunderbolt, sacrifice only 18 years old, Ma is the first to sleep in the Great Northern Wilderness of Beijing reclamation youth, everyone will always remember him.
In order to prepare for a number of land reclamation, the players unanimously decided: three years without spending, no dividends, the implementation of the minimum supply system. 1955 - 58 years each only made three sets of unlined, a set of cotton, single cotton shoes each pair, a dog fur cap. Only 11 yuan per month food costs. For three consecutive years the Chinese New Year each issued five cents. Three years in 238 players, land reclamation 1 million mu, building 4120 square meters, harvest grain beans more than 47 million kilograms.
Young pioneers of the motherland came to the Great Northern Wilderness, their unarmed, arduous pioneering manpower and material resources to cultivate land, the establishment of 12 to their city named collective farm.
Baoquan Ridge Bureau of the Green Farm is our lovely Beijing Zhuang.
The rise of the young reclamation team is a new chapter in the history of the development of the Great Northern Wilderness. It is also a pioneering work in the history of the Chinese youth movement, which has had a profound impact on the whole generation or even generations.
During the period of construction and development (1956-1966)
Mention the construction of the Great Northern Wilderness, can not fail to mention General Wang Zhen. 50 years, when the commander of the railway commander Wang Zhen generals troops to repair the railway. He grabbed a black soil pinch and said, "This soil is more fat Yeah, much stronger than the Nanniwan" Wang Zhen general thought that China has 600 million people to solve the food problem is not only beneficial to the contemporary, more for future generations , Then the Heilongjiang Provincial Party Secretary Ouyang Qin's words even more generals surging: "light dense mountain area of the wasteland, enough for you to develop, it is equivalent to hundreds of Nanniwan it!
In May 1958, General Wang Zhen led the 100,000 troops to travel long distances to reach the home of nothing - the Great Northern Wilderness. This is the history of immigrants in the history of the magnificent page, large forces into the large area of the spread, tens of thousands of troops at the same time from all over the country gathered Mishan county, and almost at the same time Bingbai way to step into the desert desert This is a battle without smoke.
This is a unarmed "war to the earth", is a comprehensive attack "sea tactics."
The twists and turns of development (1967-1978)
This was carried out under the special context of the "Cultural Revolution". The whole country from top to bottom "a red" and "one size fits all". Revolutionary production is also a new high, a high yield, satellite.
In this particular era, we have ushered in the Great Northern Wilderness 54 million urban knowledge of young people to become the Great Northern Wilderness workers.
Educated youth tide
In 1968, Chairman Mao issued a "young people to the countryside," the call, the city as the tide of the influx of people into the Heilongjiang reclamation area. 1968 - 1972 to 54 million.
This is a vibrant team, but also the development of the Great Northern Wilderness since the number of teams in the largest number, the highest level of education, the largest mobility of a team. They stay here the most precious wealth - youth. Even life
Here I introduce a Ningbo female educated youth, Chen Yuejiu. 69 years after graduating from junior high school to take the initiative to come to the Great Northern Wilderness. Ningbo five is a good time to learn good for students. She came to the nest nest in the distribution of a pig, everyone worried, she smiled and said, "Zhang Side for the people burning charcoal, do not I can not in the border pig?" With the old workers to send manure, Is grab in front, big feces rolled from the car, she put down the shovel on his hands to the car. Old workers tut mouth, this girl just from the city, not afraid of dirty, not afraid of tired, promising.
She worked as a livestock hygienist for the second year. He is not afraid of rumors, determined to do well Her second shot to the horse, was kicked to the ground, she reluctantly stood up and tie the second needle. Encounter treatment of dead pigs, she regardless of the smell of unpleasant, surgeon anatomy, careful observation, analysis of the cause. Sometimes to the horse for rectal examination, she will arm into the horse's anus, the side of the young man met straight fight fear, said she was "not afraid of evil girl."
A few years under the industry, Chen Yue Jiu rely on diligent study hard to master all the more than 30 kinds of disease prevention and treatment, and learn to use acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine, a whole group of outstanding animal husbandry.
1974 set off the climax of agricultural science Dazhai, Chen Yuejiu and young ladies together carrying baskets, all the way trot, sweating profusely. Where people know that the disease has been hit to her. In the summer, the number of abdominal pain more and more disease more and more heavy, the whole people are thin down. Led her to see a doctor, she went back to work in the afternoon to continue to work. On 24 July, she solemnly submitted to the party organization to join the party application. To persuade him to recuperate comrades that the older generation of reclamation soldiers for the reclamation of this land to die, She still took the lead. When the pain with a sickle to withstand the abdomen.
One day late in October, she struggled to back a sack of feed, suddenly a soft unconscious body to the ground. In 1975, Chen from Ningbo to Shanghai treatment, diagnosed as sigmoid colon cancer late. The first surgery, resection of the three fists to play the tumor. That she had just left the labor service from the Great Northern Wilderness, all admire that "really a strong girl" after the first postoperative, cancer cells spread. Chen mother mother before the bed secretly tears, from time to time to talk about the people of Ningbo, sad words: Do not fall Huangmei fall plum fall.
The condition deteriorated rapidly, at the last moment of life, she told the people around to say "to the party organization, we must take my ashes back, I am the Great Northern Wilderness."
Chen Yuejiu's brother made a special trip from Ningbo escort sister's ashes back to the wild nest island, wild nest nest party committee held a grand study memorial meeting.
Chen Yue Jiu's ashes have been buried in the goose island martyrs cemetery.
Like Chen Yuejiu, like the great love of the Great Northern Wilderness, in the workplace for the best people cited too numerous.
Hegang educated youth Gao Chonghui, six know the green off the corn for him to cut a person, "playing the master pocket bag expert" 4 under 180, up and down not 1-2 pounds.
Shanghai female educated youth Gu Xuemei, 3 years to raise 2667 pigs, the survival rate of 99.8%.
In order to protect the national property, farm seeds and rations to extinguish the mountain fire Yang Shuyun and other seven educated youth.
General Office of the archives of the Corps know the martyrs of the various reports and the relevant documents, as much as two thick pile.
Beginning in 1972, enrollment, sickness, retreat and other policies introduced for the educated youth to the city opened a convenient door.
Although there is no accurate and complete evaluation of the Zhiqing movement in the historical materials, it is undoubtedly a rare and large-scale cultural transplant movement in the history as a means of transporting urban civilization and popularizing culture, education and science and technology. Educated youth in a unique way for the development of reclamation area has made important contributions. Until now, there are still more than twenty thousand educated youth work in the reclamation of the various positions on the front, for the construction of the Great Northern Wilderness dedicated their own life.
From the Great Northern Wilderness out of the educated youth
Nie Weiping, Jiang Kun, Pu Cunxin, Zhao Yan, Liang Xiaosheng, Zhang Kang Kang, He Xin, Li Xiaohua ......
They put the Great Northern Wilderness as their second home, but also worried about their hearts everywhere.
Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other places educated youth organized a visit to visit the regiment, and organized the choir in the Great Northern Wilderness celebration performances.
They will youth, blood and sweat to stay in the Great Northern Wilderness, the Great Northern Wilderness also experienced their self-improvement, the courage to open up the character of the Great Northern Wilderness.
Heilongjiang State-owned farms set up
February 25, 1976 Heilongjiang State-owned farms in Jiamusi set up. According to the program promulgated by the provincial party committee, the General Administration of the jurisdiction of the original Corps and the Provincial Farm Authority owned a total of 152 farms. This is the history of the Great Northern Wilderness has the largest land area of the largest jurisdiction of the leading institutions.
In 1979, due to the adjustment of national administrative divisions, after the reclamation area has been partially adjusted, the General Administration set up a total of nine (bureau), 113 agricultural (animal husbandry) field, with a total area of 57700 square kilometers.
During the period of reform and opening up (1979-2000)
In 1978, when the tide of reform and opening up sweeping across the country, the Great Northern Wilderness chose the road to reform, to dare to deny, good to abandon, pioneering spirit, decided to "big pot" "iron rice bowl" farewell, began to set up family farms.
From 1984 to 1996 has set up more than 20 million family farms. Complete a leap in agricultural reform in reclamation areas.
From point to line, from line to face, the Great Northern Wilderness reform comprehensively.
Modern agriculture development period
December 9, 2005, the history of the development of the Great Northern Wilderness should bear in mind the day.
Beijing, the Ministry of Agriculture held a press conference in the Great Hall of the People. Minister of Agriculture Zhang Baowen announced to many media reporters a good news: the Great Northern Wilderness reclamation area following the 1995 total output exceeded 10 billion jin for the first time after a short period of 10 years and a historic leap - breaking 20 billion jin!
At present, the integrated grain production capacity of the reclamation area reaches 33 billion jin, providing 30 billion jin of grain and grain, which can guarantee the rations supply of the three municipalities of the Beijing-Tianjin-Shanghai three provinces, the People's Liberation Army, the Hong Kong and Macao regions and the Qinghai-Tibet-Gansu-Ningxia provinces. As a national important commodity grain base, every country in the country food shortage, reclamation area has played an important role. 2003 "SARS" period, Beijing was a food shortage, the reclamation area quickly transferred to Beijing 15,000 tons of rice, timely relief of food tensions. After the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, reclamation area only three days to urgently processing 2460 tons of high-quality rice, through the train to the Sichuan disaster area, to support the disaster area earthquake relief, effectively played as a national grasp, move, to deal with sudden Events of the "big grain warehouse" role.
After three generations of more than half a century of hard work, built China's largest farmland, the highest degree of mechanization of state-owned farms, has become an important national commodity grain base and grain strategic reserve base.